Analysis and application of concepts inherent to teaching course material in higher education and to offering one’s students guidance in research and writing related to such material. Emphasis on the engagement of students through oral communication, creative expression, and communications media appropriate to the area of spirituality. Attention to the effective formulation and use of lectures, discussions, presentations, group work, projects, and assessment 90 to facilitate student learning in accord with varying learning styles. Individual supervision and peer review of seminar participants’ instructional activities in ongoing placements and in anticipated instructional activity.